Document:The four scriptures

The four scriptures


Emperor Huangdi

clan name Xuanyan-shi
China 259-210 BC
(image by B-Tank, aka
Joshua Michael Ryan Woods)
In 1973 in the province Hunan an ancient hill named 'Mawangdui'
near the town Changsa was opened. Mawangdui means Horse King Hill.
The grave contained the remains of an woman and a man,
probably mother and son. The man was a nobleman, the marquis of Dai.
Among the many gifts a large library was found.The marquis had more
than 50 different books with him on his journey to eternity.

One of the scriptures consists of six philosophical works, written
on a piece of silk of 75 cm. Two of them were already known,
they were the Dao de Ching of Laozi, only in the reverse order than
we are knowing them in present times. The other scriptures were the
four scriptures of the Yellow Emperor - Shi Huangdi, mentioned in history,
but unknown till now. The last of those, seems to belong
more or less to the scriptures of Lao zi and are called
'Calling names' and 'The origin of the way'.

On this pages this text appears for the first time on the Internet.
It is translated from Chinese to Dutch and then from Dutch to English.
Source is based on the Chinese - Dutch translation of the four scriptures
"De vier geschriften van de gele keizer" by G.J. Mansvelt-Beck.